ОСНОВНЫЕ ПРИЕМЫ (часть 8)

hatakikomi_pict

Кимаритэ называют завершающее техническое действие, приведшее к победе в поединке одного из борцов. В современном сумо признано 82 основных приема.

Благодарим Японскую Ассоциацию сумо за представленные рисунки

hatakikomi_tex
hatakikomi (slap down) — One of sumo’s most common techniques and often seen at the tachi-ai or initial charge. The attacker will shift away as his opponent charges in with his head too low. As he shifts, he will slap the opponent’s shoulder, back or arm with one or both hands, forcing him to touch the surface of the ring with his hand or hands. hatakikomi_pict ХАТАКИКОМИ — опрокидывание соперника во время атаки противника из низкой стойки. Сумотори делает резкое движение в сторону и одной или обеими руками сверху толкает соперника в плечо, спину или руку, опрокидывая перед собой. Один из самых распространенных приемов.
hikiotoshi_tex
hikiotoshi (hand pull down) — A common sumo technique, similar to hatakikomi, in which the attacker pulls the opponent down while backing away by pulling on his arm shoulder or the front of his mawashi. hikiotoshi_pict ХИКИОТОСИ — опрокидывание перед собой соперника рывком на себя руки или плеча противника. Рывок может производиться также захватом передней части пояса-маваси.
hikkake_tex
hikkake (arm grabbing force out) — In this technique the attacker will drive his opponent out of the ring by grabbing his arm with both hands, often in response to a tsuki/oshi (pushing/thrusting) attack and pull him past and to the attacker’s rear while moving backwards and to the side. hikkake_pict ХИККАКЭ — опрокидывание соперника или выталкивание за пределы дохё. При этом одной рукой сумотори захватывает с внутренней стороны одноименную руку противника и, совершая рывок, другой рукой подталкивает соперника в спину.
tukaminage_tex
tsukaminage (lifting throw) — In this technique the attacker, from an outside grip, will pull his opponent past him. As he completes the pull, he will heave the defender up into the air and drive him into the clay. Where almost all throwing motions in sumo are right to left or left to right, this techniques motion is always right to right or left to left. tukaminage_pict ЦУКАМИНАГЭ — бросок с использованием захвата маваси (пояса) соперника сзади и отрывом противника от дохё.
tukidasi_tex
tsukidashi (frontal thrust out) — This is one of the most common pushing/thrusting techniques in sumo. The attacker will drive his opponent backwards and over the edge with a rhythmical thrusting motion. Unlike oshidashi (frontal push out) the attacker does not have to maintain hand contact at all times. tukidasi_pict ЦУКИДАСИ — выдавливание соперника за пределы дохё мощными толчками в корпус или голову без использования захвата.
tukiotosi_tex
tsukiotoshi (thrust down) — In this technique, the attacker will drive his opponent down into the clay with a thrusting motion after placing his open hand on the opponent’s upper rib cage or at his shoulder. Often used as a last ditch effort at the edge. tukiotosi_pict ЦУКИОТОСИ — опрокидывание соперника с использованием упора одной рукой в бок или подмышку противника, сопровождаемым шагом в сторону.
tukitaosi_tex
tsukitaoshi (frontal thrust down) — This technique is most commonly seen after the attacker has won a heated slapping (tsuppari) exchange. At the finish of that exchange, the opponent’s hips are to far forward and the attacker is able to thust him over onto his back or side. tukitaosi_pict ЦУКИТАОСИ — опрокидывание соперника на дохё или за пределы дохё  в результате серии мощных толчков в корпус или голову.
tsumatori_tex
tsumatori (rear toe pick) — This technique becomes possible when the attacker has worked his way to the side of his opponent as that opponent is moving forward. As the defender picks up the foot closest to the attacker, the attacker will reach down, grabbing that foot at the toes and pull it back and up. This, coupled with the defenders own momentum, will force him to fall forward. Tsumatori was originally referred to as rear ankle pick in English but the technique definition was changed during the 2001 winning technique list expansion. tsumatori_pict ЦУМАТОРИ — опрокидывание соперника после захвата ступни. Сумотори делает неожиданное движение в сторону, «пропуская» противника вперед и в момент шага соперника захватывает его ступню, после чего делает резкий рывок назад.
turidasi_tex
tsuridashi (lift out) — This is a power technique that can be done from either a single or double inside grip. Occasionally, it is even seen from a double outside grip. The attacker will take hold of the opponent’s mawashi, drop his hips and heave his opponent into the air, lifting him over and out of the ring. turidasi_pict ЦУРИДАСИ — вынос соперника за пределы дохё спиной вперед. При этом сумотори захватывает туловище либо маваси противника с обеих сторон и, принимая соперника на грудь, поднимает его в воздух.
turiotoshi_tex
tsuriotoshi (lifting body slam) — This is a power technique only possible when there is a pronounced gap in strength and skill between the attacker and defender. Like tsuridashi (lift out) the attacker will drop his hips while pulling the defender in, then lift him up into the air. In this technique, rather than deposit his opponent outside the ring, the attacker will swing his opponent sideways and drive him into the clay. turiotoshi_pict ЦУРИОТОСИ — опрокидывание соперника после захвата туловища или маваси с обеих сторон и подъема противника на грудь. После того, как сумотори поднимает соперника в воздух, резким движением он усаживает противника на колени.

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